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  • by Nicola Boulton August 31, 2022 5 min read

    Understanding Spectrums: What Does Full-Spectrum CBD Mean?

    A full-spectrum CBD product is made of all the cannabis compounds found in the cannabis hemp plant, including some traces of THC, which does not exceed 0.3%.

    CBD is a natural chemical compound found in the cannabis hemp plant. CBD does not cause 'high' because it does not have psychoactive effects responsible for causing 'high.' CBD has anti-inflammatory and anti-pain properties, which help deal with health benefits such as pain, cancer-related symptoms, stress, depression, and many other health benefits. Pure CBD does not show in the drug test. Getting pure CBD depends on the method of extraction used in extracting the CBD.

    What is Full-Spectrum CBD?

    Full-spectrum CBD product contains all the cannabinoids found in the cannabis hemp plant. It is made of different terpenes, some traces of THC, fatty acids, and flavonoids working together to improve the overall impact of CBD. Marinotti & Sarill (2020) found that full-spectrum CBD brings the entourage effect to the users due to the presence of other compounds. One may experience benefits from the full range of effects that each present compound brings to the overall CBD benefits.

    CBD with other compounds like THC and terpenes is more effective than CBD isolate. The only disadvantage of using full-spectrum CBD oil is that it can show in a drug test.

    What are Terpenes?

    Terpenes are the aromatic, volatile compounds found in plants and are responsible for giving the plants their distinct smell. Ferber et al. (2020) noted that terpenes don't only give the plant its unique smell, but they also have therapeutic benefits. A plant can have different terpenes, with a few having substantial amounts.

    The Role of Terpenes

    Terpenes are responsible for the aromas, which some bring a calming effect. They give different aromas from lavender, orange, and rosemary, which play different roles in a person's health. Rosemary aroma has benefits for the respiratory system.

    Types of Terpenes in CBD


    This pinene is mostly found in citrus fruits, rosemary, pine needles, and other conifers. It is associated with a sharp and sweet aroma, affecting memory retention and alertness. It also has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agents, which bring therapeutic benefits.


    This is one of the terpenes found in CBD and has a floral aroma. Because of its pleasant aroma, it is used in beauty products brands. It provides calming effects in aromatherapy, aiding sleep. It can also help with stress, pain, depression, and convulsions. It is commonly found in lavender, citrus, laurel, and rosewood.


    This is one of the most common terpenes found in CBD. It has a musky, earthy, and herbal aroma associated with cannabis. It has very powerful effects on the body by creating drowsy, sleepy effects making people feel tired. It has anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antimicrobial, and antiseptic properties. Learn more about benefits of hemp


    This terpene is commonly found in citrus fruits and has a lemon aroma. It is believed to be a mood booster in CBD and provides general stress relief by alleviating emotional turbulence. It is also known for its antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties, which help relieve anxiety, depression, and gastric reflux.


    This terpene has a woody, spicy or pepper-like aroma. It is believed to interact with the endocannabinoid system just like CBD. It is abundant in cloves, cinnamon, basil, oregano, and black pepper.


    This type of terpene has an earthy and woody scent. It is common in CBD and can act as an appetite suppressant and anti-inflammatory agent. Learn more about can cbd make you smarter?

    The Entourage Effects of Full-Spectrum CBD

    When different cannabinoids are used altogether, they bring more favorable effects. Maayah et al. (2020) concluded that using all cannabinoids will boost CBD's effects rather than a single CBD. CBD products are believed to be stronger when combined with other compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids, fatty acids, and other minor compounds.

    Although taking CBD and THC works better, it is important to note that CBD affects everyone differently, and everyone's needs differ. Taking CBD and THC all together is better than consulting your doctor and starting with the lowest dose so you can gauge your body's reactions to CBD.

    Methods of Administering Full-Spectrum CBD Products

    There are several ways of administering full-spectrum CBD oil, such as:

    Taking CBD Capsules

    CBD capsules are small containers infused with CBD. There are CBD capsules that are infused with full-spectrum CBD. They come with a fixed amount of CBD. CBD capsules offer a discreet method of ingesting CBD. CBD capsules make it easy to tell the amount of CBD you consume. Although they give the easiest way of consuming CBD, it takes a long time to show effects because they must pass through the digestive system before getting absorbed into the bloodstream.

    Take Full-spectrum CBD Sublingually

    This method of administering CBD into our body gives the fastest benefits because the CBD is absorbed into the bloodstream directly. It involves placing the required CBD dosage under your tongue and holding it there for some second to allow it to get absorbed into the bloodstream.

    Use of Topicals

    There are balms and lotions infused with full-spectrum CBD. Using CBD products topically involves placing the right amount of full-spectrum CBD on your fingers and massaging the affected area deeply.

    Consuming Edibles

    Some edibles are infused with full-spectrum CBD oil. Edibles are usually easy and fun to use. They show effects after 2-4 hours because they undergo digestion fast before getting absorbed in the blood streams.

    How to Get the Right Full-Spectrum CBD Dose

    Getting the right CBD dosage depends on several factors, such as your needs and health conditions. It is important to seek a doctor's advice on using the correct full-spectrum CBD oil. CBD is believed to interact with some medications, so it is important to seek medical advice before using full-spectrum CBD. Also, a low dosage of CBD is better for a start, and you can increase it after some weeks until you get your correct dosage.


    Full-spectrum CBD is made of all cannabinoids available in the cannabis plant. Those different cannabinoids improve the general benefits of CBD, with some having specific properties like anti-inflammation and anti-pain. Full-spectrum CBD has an entourage effect brought by the different cannabinoids working together to boost CBD effects.


    Ferber, S. G., Namdar, D., Hen-Shoval, D., Eger, G., Koltai, H., Shoval, G., ... & Weller, A. (2020). The "entourage effect": terpenes coupled with cannabinoids for the treatment of mood disorders and anxiety disorders. Current neuropharmacology, 18(2), 87-96.

    Maayah, Z. H., Takahara, S., Ferdaoussi, M., & Dyck, J. R. B. (2020). The Molecular Mechanisms That Underpin The Biological Benefits Of Full-Spectrum Cannabis Extract In The Treatment Of Neuropathic Pain And Inflammation. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis Of Disease, 1866(7), 165771.

    Marinotti, O., & Sarill, M. (2020). Differentiating Full-Spectrum Hemp Extracts From CBD Isolates: Implications For Policy, Safety And Science. Journal Of Dietary Supplements, 17(5), 517–526.

    Schmitz, S. M., Lopez, H. L., & Marinotti, O. (2020). Post Marketing Safety Of Plus CBDTM Products, A Full Spectrum Hemp Extract: A 2-Year Experience. Journal Of Dietary Supplements, 17(5), 587–598. Https://Doi.Org/10.1080/19390211.2020.1767255

    Nicola Boulton
    Nicola Boulton

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