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  • by Nicola Boulton September 29, 2022 5 min read

    What Is Meant By Full-Spectrum CBD?

    Cannabis products have streamed the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry due to their many health benefits. There are different types of CBD products. However, the article below delves into the nitty gritty on full spectrum CBD.

    CBD or cannabidiol is sourced from cannabis hemp, which contains high amounts of CBD and low amounts of THC. Over the years, CBD has been used to treat various mental issues like depression and anxiety. CBD has different effects on different people. While others experience tremendous benefits after consumption, others experience mild side effects. Full spectrum CBD is common, especially among people who prefer the entourage effect after consuming any cannabidiol product.

    Defining Full Spectrum CBD

    CBD is among the most popular cannabis compound. The full spectrum is obtained from cannabis plants that contain THC, which is the psychoactive compound of the cannabis plant. This type of CBD includes a ton of other cannabinoids sourced from the cannabis plant, like flavonoids and terpenes. Duggan (2021) explained that experts typically attest that full spectrum CBD products produce better effects when used to treat an array of health conditions since its different compounds cause an entourage effect in the body. The mixtures typically contain rich essential vitamins, fiber, protein, and fatty acids. It is why total spectrum CBD products treat severe medical conditions such as anxiety, migraines, and depression. Below are some of the different cannabinoids present in full spectrum CBD products;

    Terpenes

    Full spectrum CBD products like oils contain over 150 terpenes responsible for the flavor and fragrance of different substances. Terpenes also have therapeutic benefits that boost CBD's restorative and healing aspects. Learn more about can you overdose on cbd?

    Flavonoids

    There are almost 20 different types of flavonoids in full spectrum CBD products. Flavonoids are also found in vegetables, fruits, and grains, and unlike terpenes, they effectively combat neurodegenerative disorders, inflammation, and cancer-related symptoms.

    Cannabinoids

    Full spectrum CBD oil contains over 100 cannabinoids, plus THC and CBD. The two substantial compounds are accountable for the psychoactive and therapeutic effects of any cannabis product. Note that CBD does not cause sensory impairment, while THC causes intoxication.

    How To Use Broad Spectrum CBD

    It is entirely up to the person to use their cannabidiol products. To choose the right product and use it correctly, beware of the strengths of various cannabidiol products. The following are a few methods for consuming CBD products with a broad spectrum;

    Edibles

    There are numerous types of edibles with full spectrum CBD. For those who like eating CBD in a standard, more relaxed way, CBD edibles are advised. Broad spectrum CBD products, like CBD gummies, have a precise amount of CBD in each piece, allowing users to keep track of how many milligrams of CBD they eat daily. Some consumable forms of full-spectrum CBD contain a lot of sugar. Especially for those who use CBD to manage their weight or balance their blood sugar levels, this is a drawback.

    Vaporizers

    CBD is infused with flavorings, vegetable glycerin, and propylene glycol to create a broad range of CBD vapes. Typically, the final CBD product is a liquid inhaled into the lungs and absorbed into the bloodstream. Since cannabidiol does not go through the digestive system before entering the lungs and the bloodstream, Campos et al. (2012) clarified that vaping broad-spectrum CBD increases its bioavailability. Be aware that people with respiratory disorders like asthma should not vape.

    Capsules

    The two varieties of full-spectrum CBD capsules are soft gel and dry gel. Both forms keep CBD's nutty and earthy flavor because they are tasteless and odorless. CBD capsules should be swallowed whole with water, like any other tablet or dietary supplement. Pills are excellent for those who want to taste CBD's nutty and earthy flavor. Full spectrum CBD capsules also eliminate the hassle of needing to estimate the dosage because they are already pre-packaged with an identical amount of CBD.

    Topicals

    Full spectrum topical CBD products are applied directly to the skin to address various ailments such as inflammation. Products with CBD include, among others, salves, lotions, and balms. The vast selection of CBD topicals designed exclusively for skin care can also help people struggling with various skin conditions like acne, psoriasis, and eczema. Some people may be allergic to components used to manufacture CBD salves, such as menthol and capsicum.

    Making of Full-Spectrum CBD

    According to Lazarjani et al. (2021), various techniques, including CO2 extraction, flash chromatography, and ethanol extraction, extract CBD from the hemp plant. An in-depth explanation of the many ways CBD is produced from industrial hemp is provided below; 

    Ethanol Extraction

    Ethanol extraction uses ethanol. Park et al. (2019) stated that oils, cannabinoids, and terpenes are released from the hemp plant's organic material after it has been soaked in alcohol for a while. After being separated from the oil by sieving, the organic compound is infused with CBD, terpenes, and flavonoids.

    CO2 Extraction

    Since the end product, CBD, contains minimal to no traces of residue, CO2 is one of the commonly used extraction techniques. Industrial hemp is processed through a CO2 process that uses high pressure to liquefy the cannabinoids and terpenes. The excess liquid is then evaporated, leaving behind high-quality CBD oil that may have trace amounts of THC.

    Broad Spectrum CBD and Drug Tests

    Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is a schedule 1 substance typically tested for during drug testing. Since CBD is not regarded as a dangerous or addictive chemical, it is not checked. Since broad spectrum CBD products do not include THC, users cannot show up positive on a drug test. However, some broad-spectrum CBD products may contain THC due to differences in how various businesses handle their CBD throughout the processing stage.

    Anyone purchasing a broad-spectrum CBD product must read the COA or certificate of analysis, which identifies the product's contents. Additionally, one should exercise caution while buying a full-spectrum CBD product because most local or online retailers sell items that do not adhere to local or federal legislation. Learn more about cbd delivery methods

    Conclusion

    Since cannabis has many health advantages, its products have flooded beauty and medical products. Cannabis hemp, which has a high CBD content but a low THC content, is the source of CBD, also known as cannabidiol. Over the years, CBD has been used to treat various mental conditions, including anxiety and depression. Note that CBD has varied effects on different people. It explains why some consumers experience significant advantages while others suffer minor adverse effects—individuals who desire the entourage effect after ingesting any cannabidiol product use full spectrum CBD.

    References

    Campos, A. C., Moreira, F. A., Gomes, F. V., Del Bel, E. A., & Guimaraes, F. S. (2012). Multiple Mechanisms Involved In The Large-Spectrum Therapeutic Potential Of Cannabidiol In Psychiatric Disorders. Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367(1607), 3364-3378.

    Duggan, P. J. (2021). The Chemistry Of Cannabis And Cannabinoids. Australian Journal Of Chemistry, 74(6), 369-387.

    Lazarjani, M. P., Young, O., Kebede, L., & Seyfoddin, A. (2021). Processing And Extraction Methods Of Medicinal Cannabis: A Narrative Review. Journal Of Cannabis Research, 3(1), 1-15.

    Park, S. H., Staples, S. K., Gostin, E. L., Smith, J. P., Vigil, J. J., Seifried, D., ... & Heuvel, B. D. V. (2019). Contrasting Roles Of Cannabidiol As An Insecticide And Rescuing Agent For Ethanol-Induced Death In The Tobacco Hornworm Manduca Sexta. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1-10.

    Nicola Boulton
    Nicola Boulton


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