Hemp & CBD Skincare and Cosmetics - CBD Beauty Products
CBD beauty products come as topical infused with varying concentrations of Cannabidiol in products like creams, lotions, balms, salves, anti-aging serums, bath bombs, among others. This blog provides a comprehensive guide to cannabis topicals, their health and therapeutic benefits for skin, how to buy the best topicals, and possible side effects of the beauty products.
CBD is a subset of cannabis compounds domiciled in hemp. Although the compound is also extracted from marijuana plant, hemp-derived CBD is non-intoxicating, making it ideal for medical utility. The non-addictive cannabis compound is free from THC, a component of marijuana associated with psychotropic effects. CBD extract is infused in a wide range of products, including, but not limited to, edibles, topicals, and oral products. Topical products are ideal for localized skin conditions, a characteristic utilized in the beauty sector for addressing numerous skin-related conditions. With the legalization of hemp in many countries worldwide, the rise in popularity of CBD oil beauty products is expected to rise.
What is CBD oil?
Cannabidiol oil contains two major components; on the one hand, it is infused with Cannabidiol extract from hemp or marijuana. The two cannabis strains harbor varying levels of the active compounds THC and CBD. Hemp provides the largest percentage of Cannabidiol with low tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels. In contrast, marijuana contains low levels of Cannabidiol with relatively higher amounts of psychoactive THC. Cannabidiol oil is heir to a mixture of Cannabidiol with a carrier oil like MCT, coconut, or hemp seed oil. The carrier oil does not undermine the medical utility of the products; instead, it makes the fat-soluble compound compatible with skin and other products. THC levels below 0.2% in a topical beauty product are legal, CBD alongside the use, sale, and cultivation of CBD in the UK.
CBD’s Interaction with the skin
The human body contains a complex network of neurotransmitters, enzymes and receptors called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Anecdotal studies show that the system uniquely interacts with cannabis. ECS contains a complex network of receptors that run in many parts of the body. For instance, it has CB1 receptors in the central nervous system, and a separate set of receptors called CB2 domiciled in peripheral nerves in the skin. Topical products interact with the ECS through the peripheral-based CB2 receptors.
The ECS regulates different physiological and psychological functions, including, but not limited to, pain, anxiety, and inflammation. Unlike other cannabis products like edibles or vapes, CB2 receptors take cannabis into the action sites without traveling getting in the bloodstream; this intake pathway offers multiple benefits for cannabis users. On the one hand, it does not lower the bioavailability of Cannabidiol-infused in topical products like creams or balms. Secondly, it reduces the capacity to intoxicate users from beauty products with psychoactive chemicals like THC.
The unique pathway with which CBD manifests not only makes Cannabidiol beauty products beneficial for localized conditions but also makes its manufacturers infuse traces of THC for a wide range of health and therapeutic effects. According to Nahler, Jones & Russo (2019), Cannabidiol products give better treatment outcomes when CBD combines with THC; this phenomenon is called the entourage effect.
Benefits of CBD for Skin
Skin is the largest organ in the human body. The organ provides cover from external stressors predisposing individuals to a plethora of skin-related problems. Cannabidiol topicals provide the following benefits to skin;
Topical products treat inflammation without side effects like pharmacological drugs. The topical products avoid gastrointestinal administration, wastage through first pass metabolism and addresses localized pain-related inflammation.Iffland & Grotenhermen, (2017)observed that, CBD has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. These properties make Cannabidiol an alternative ingredient for inflammation-treatment using pharmacological drugs. It also contains oxidative properties suitable for diseases accompanied by inflammation and pain. Inflammation emanate from common skin conditions like acne, eczema and psoriasis. Many topical beauty products contain anti-inflammatory properties which not only treat inflammation but also soothe skin.
Regulates Sebum Production
Sebum is a vital component of skin health. The waxy, oily substance makes the skin maintain its moisture, and keeps it hydrated. However, overproduction of sebum invites problematic development on the skin. First, sebum may mix with dead skin cells and dirt leading to breakage of pores. Secondly, sebocytes could produce more waxy products which obstruct the pores and result to skin breakaways and inflammation; this process is a common cause for acne. According toPeyravian et al.(2022), CBD suppress the production of sebum. Cannabidiol interacts with ECS in the body to suppress the production of destructive sebum, leading to a normal skin growth.
Acne is a function of many factors including, but not limited to stress, hormonal imbalances, and nutritional alterations. The most common cause of acne is over production of sebum, abnormal shedding of cutaneous cells, and accumulation of bacteria. These abnormalities on skin also lead to inflammation and pain among other mental-related co-morbidities like anxietyand sleeplessness. Cannabidiol infused topical products contains antibacterial properties which reduce acnes caused by accumulation of bacteria and dirt. It also contains anti-inflammatory properties which lessen pain caused by skin breakups associated with acne. According toPeyravian et al., (2022)the interaction between endocannabinoid system’s receptors and CBD regulates the activities sebocytes, responsible for excess production of the oily sebum.
CBD also treats precursors of acne like hormonal imbalances and co-morbidities like sleepless and anxiety. Cannabidiol infused topicals contains anxyolitic properties which reduce anxiety; its calming effects induce quality sleep. CB2 receptors domiciled in the peripheral nerves take up CBD; the cannabinoids in the product makes the endocannabinoid system to release sleep-inducing hormones allowing the user to fall asleep. Therefore, it alleviates the sleeplessness caused by inflammation-related pain. Similarly, when Cannabidiol reduces inflammation, it allows the user fall asleep.
Hydrates the Skin
Dehydration is a common skin problem caused by complex interplay of environmental and internal factors. These include, but not limited to dry weather, lack of enough sleep, insufficient intake of water among other factors. A dehydrated skin appears patchy, rough, scaly or dull among some people. Poor quality topical beauty products could also cause dry skin. Beauty products infused with Cannabidiol dispense waxy and anti-inflammatory products which not only keep moisture in the skin but also reduce inflammation associated with dry skin. The cannabis derivative also contains anti-oxidant properties which neutralize free radicals on skin. The free radicals may lead to dry patches on the skin.
Oxidizes Free Radicals
Free radicals are unstable molecules which convert to harmful products through oxidation. The radicals come from environmental factors like UV radiation poor nutrition and smoking among other causes.
Structurally, the unstable compounds lack electrons in their valence shells and easily pick electrons from the skin, resulting to oxidative stress. Stabilization of the radicals on skin surface could destabilize important molecules like DNA. The oxidative stress result to premature aging signs characterized by wrinkling, skin sagging, and fine lines. The oxidative stress also leads to dull skin, making the user look older.
Cannabidiol products contain antioxidants which suppress the action of free radicals in two mechanisms. First, cannabinoids in the beauty products interrupts the action of free radicals and stop them from exerting oxidative stress on the skin. They also convert the free radicals into less active forms.
Boost Collagen Production
Aging signs like wrinkles, fine lines and sagging of the skin are a function of multiple factors including, but not limited to less collagen production. Collagen is the protein responsible for maintaining skin elasticity and firmness. Its production stops as we get older although environmental stressors like UV rays, or lifestyle behaviors such as smoking could undermine its production. At around twenty-five years, collagen production stops or slows down.
According toTóth et al.(2019) CBD interacts with the ECS’s signaling system regulating skin homeostasis (skin balance) in the cutaneous layers. The interaction not only stimulates collagen production but also deregulates the production of sebum which predisposes the skin to breakouts. The cutaneous signaling of CBD prevents other skin diseases like atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and pigmentation disorders; these disorders are responsible for early aging sings like dull and saggy skin.
However, research on the efficacy of Cannabidiol infused products in the treatment of collagen loss is relatively anecdotal; a fair amount of studies are animal-related.
Risks Associated With CBD Beauty Products
Cannabis topicals have relatively limited side effects. Unlike edibles, vapes and sublingual, topical skincare products are relatively safe for human consumption. They do not cause drowsiness, diarrhea, dryness, or nausea. Topical products do not get through the gut; gut-processed Cannabidiol predisposes the users to side effects like drowsiness, nausea and vomiting especially when taken in excess.
A significant cause of skepticism among cannabis users is the risk of psychoactive effects. In contrast, the cutaneous signaling does not lead to psychoactive effects. Topical products reach the endocannabinoid system through peripheral receptors called the CB2. CBD’s pathway through peripheral nerves does not activate mechanisms which alter the user’s mind. The users system does not transport cannabis compounds into the bloodstream; even if one had elevated levels of THC, they cannot become intoxicated with cannabis.
Overdosing on Cannabidiol edibles is a common cause of drowsiness, vomiting or diarrhea. In contrast, excessive use of topicals such as creams, bath bombs or salves does not result to undesirable side effects. Nevertheless, Cannabidiol-infused beauty products may results to the following risks;
The risks associated with topicals emanate from poor quality products, or wrong usage. Risks from cannabis-infused topicals are reducible using the following strategies:
Do a Patch test
Cannabidiol in beauty products is a novel innovation; there are limited human studies on its efficacy and side effects. However, there is sufficient data to confirm that CBD is user-specific; it gives varied effects from one user to the other. Therefore, one should perform a patch test to determine their reactions to the cannabis products. A patch test is a trial-and-error method to determine the skin’s reaction to a topical product. The topical is applied in small amounts on the skin and allowed to interact with the cutaneous glands for a few minutes; if there are no reactions like itching (synonymous with allergy), the product will not invite unwanted reactions in the other parts of the body. If users develop itching or other undesirable effects, they should stop the cannabis product and seek alternative means.
Read Customer Reviews
Online buyers benefit from the reactions of other users of particular beauty products. Many CBD topical brands provide their users with an opportunity to share their experiences with others. The experiences are reported in a special section called ‘customer reviews. Positive customer reviews and five-star ratings indicate quality products with desirable treatment outcomes and vice-versa. Although positive reviews may indicate good quality, users should perform patch tests to determine the effects of CBD products on their skin.
Seek Medical Advice
Cannabidiol products may have negative implications on other over-the-counter drugs. Medical experts understand the possible reaction of CBD with other pharmacological drugs, undermining their effectiveness in the body. Cannabidiol interacts with other medications in two ways. Its uptake in the body uses specific enzymes; this results in a form of competition resulting in the ineffectiveness of these drugs. Secondly, CBD suppresses the metabolism of other drugs, reducing their utility in the body.Iffland & Grotenhermen, (2017)showed that the non-addictive cannabis derivative leads to toxic accumulation of over-the-counter drugs in the body.
Drugs with grapefruit warnings should not be taken alongside specific pharmacological drugs, a piece of information that could come from medical advice. Medications with grapevine warning utilize a special enzyme called the CYP344 to get utilized in the body. Specific chemicals in CBD beauty products may inhibit the enzyme's actions, making pharmacological medication ineffective. Therefore, one should seek medical advice or avoid CBD beauty products when under medications with a grapefruit warning. Common drugs with grapefruit warning include, but are not limited to;
Antimicrobials and antibiotics
Blood thinners and cholesterol medications, among others.
Balachandran, Elsohly & Hill (2021) observed that studies on the effects of CBD with other pharmacological drugs are still anecdotal. The available research on its impact on other medications is a function of unregulated use by many consumers in the cannabis industry. Therefore, users should seek medical advice if under any medication.
Ask For the Products' Certificate of Analysis
The Certificate of analysis details a product's ingredients, methods of extraction, and source of material used in the cosmetic topical. Allergic Users to THC or other cannabis compounds in the Cannabidiol skincare products should study the products; profile to avoid its negative effects. The Certificate also provides results from independent third-party lab test; the presence of this document on a brand's website indicates its credibility, transparency, and commitment to quality. If one cannot trace the Certificate from a brand's website, they could get it upon making a written request. Customers can analyze the products' ingredients with a doctor if using it to treat skin conditions like acne, eczema, or psoriasis; first-time users may also need a medical expert to help them analyze the ingredient's effects on the skin.
Types of CBD Used In Beauty Products
CBD products come in three spectra, with different cannabis profiles. These include full, broad, and isolated spectra. Whole plant Cannabidiol extract contains different cannabinoids ranging from CBN, CBG, THC, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids, among other derivatives. During extraction, CBD is subjected to purification methods to extract distillates with different strengths. For example, manufacturers could extract THC from the product and other materials to produce broad-spectrum. The hemp-based extract subjected to intense purification results in a pure extract called the CBD isolate; this extract contains Cannabidiol as the only active cannabis ingredient. The isolate spectrum could have purity levels as high as 99%, depending on the purification method.
CBD extract with limited purification results in full-spectrum CBD; the whole plant spectrum contains most cannabis compounds, including the psychoactive THC. The THC infused in topical products does not lead to psychoactive effects; topical products absorbed through cutaneous glands do not enter the bloodstream, making them less psychoactive even with higher levels of THC. Instead, the presence of THC in full-spectrum products amplifies the effectiveness of CBD in a product.
Full-spectrum skincare products are strong; their cannabis profile benefits skin problems like pain, acne eczema, and inflammation. However, the full-spectrum products may be unsuitable for users with allergies to THC.
Types of CBD Topicals in Beauty Products
CBD beauty products are mainly topicals. They come in form of creams, salves, balms, gels, exfoliating toners, bath bombs, and anti-aging serums among other skincare products. The following skincare products come infused with CBD oil.
Exfoliation is the process of removing dead cells from the skin surface. Skin pores could get clogged with dead cells and wax produced in the skin glands called sebocytes. Accumulation of dead cells makes the skin, develop pimples, blackheads and appear dull. Blockage from dead cells also makes the skin inaccessible for beauty products and other topical treatments. CBD exfoliating products can dissolve dead cells or suppress excessive production of sebum.Evans (2020) opined that, Cannabidiol contains anti-inflammatory properties which reduce skin irritation associated with mechanical exfoliation. It also reduces the redness and puffiness associated with exfoliation.
CBD Bath Bombs
Cannabidiol-infused bath bombs are soap-like products added to the bathing regimen to dispense cannabis compounds while bathing. Unlike other topical beauty products, bath bombs explode in warm bathing water to release therapeutic benefits which address skin-related issues for the whole body. Bath bomb users benefit from Cannabidiol’s therapeutic effects as they unwind from the stressors of daily routine. The bombs come in different scents and colors to enhance the users’ experience. Besides Cannabidiol, they have inorganic salts useful for disinfecting the skin. However, users need to soak in the bath bombs for about 20 minutes to avoid skin irritation; overexposure to the CBD bath bombs may expose the skin to the corrosive effects of inorganic salts in the bath bombs.
CBD Anti-Aging Serums
Aging invites many undesirable signs ranging from wrinkles, dull skin, sagging skin, fine lines, and pimples. These signs could also come from environmental stressors like free radicals, UV radiation, and other harsh weather condition. Undesired skin conditions like wrinkles and fine lines result from low collagen production; collagen maintains skin elasticity, although its production diminishes with age.
CBD stimulates collagen production, reducing fine lines and wrinkles. It also contains antioxidant properties, which convert free radicals to less harmful compounds; the free radicals lead to oxidation stress, clogs pores, and lead to undesirable conditions synonymous with aging. In many cases, aging skin appears dry and dull. CBD’s capacity to mediate sebum production allows it to maintain skin moisture and facilitate an oily texture which appears radiant and rejuvenated. Some anti-aging serums contain hyaluronic acid which preserve moisture, fill dips in the skin and make the body reverse facial asymmetries among other deformities. The coconut oil used to dissolve Cannabidiol also provides moisture which benefits dry skin. Unlike CBD creams, cannabis anti-aging serums are less viscous; they are easily absorbed into the skin compared to heavier creams.
CBD skin creams are the most commonly used topical skincare products. They are mostly infused with broad-spectrum Cannabidiol oil. Manufacturers use broads-spectrum Cannabidiol to prevent users from the effects of THC; the psychoactive THC is associated with many allergic reactions like hives and sneezing consistent with the studies ofHan et al.(2020). However, more potent creams could contain full-spectrum Cannabidiol to provide anti-inflammatory benefits to treat inflammations and pain. The creams are used for localized conditions which cause pain and inflammation. Users with the following skin conditions can benefit from Cannabidiol creams;
Eczema, Acne, and Psoriasis
Evans (2020)observed that CBD has anti-inflammatory properties which treat pain-related conditions like eczema, and psoriasis. It also stimulates sebum production, a common cause of acne.
Arthritis is characterized by joint pains and inflammations. The disease manifest in chronic pains which affect muscles joints especially among adults.Hammell et al.(2016)shows that CBD attenuates inflammation and pain-related behaviors among rats. While the animal studies may present different results among animals, unregulated use of Cannabidiol has shown promising results when used in topical products. Therefore, CBD creams can provide benefits to users with arthritis.
CBD can treat peripheral neuropathy by reducing the pain associated with the disorder. Peripheral neuropathy is series of conditions caused by nerve damage resulting discomfort weakening of feet and numbness.Xu et al.(2020) observed that transdermal CBD oil can reduce disturbing sensations and other symptoms related to peripheral neuropathy. Therefore, cannabis skin cream improves neuropathic pain.
Cannabidiol balms are thicker topical products essential for soothing muscles after workouts. The semi-solid topicals are ideal for massaging sore muscles; they are dense and thicker than lotions or creams. They remain on the skin long enough to soothe pain and relax the muscles. The balms contain full-spectrum CBD with a wider range of effects on localized pain and inflammation.
The legality of CBD Beauty Products
Cannabis derivatives have been the subject of many regulations across the UK and the US. In the UK, THC products come from hemp or marijuana. The former contains a higher concentration of Cannabidiol, making it a major source of CBD. Industrial hemp, marijuana with high Cannabidiol levels, contains trace amounts of psychoactive THC. In the UK, THC is regulated below 0.2%; this concentration is safe for human consumption because it does not cause psychotropic effects. In topical products, trace amounts of THC are tolerated by many users; it does not irritate the skin or trigger allergic reactions.
An amendment to the 1971 act led to legalizing cannabis products for medical purposes in the UK. However, manufacturers must conform to strict regulations regarding the sale and production of Cannabidiol-infused products. According to UK laws, all topical CBD products fall under cosmetics. The laws define cosmetics as any substance placed on external parts of the human body used to clean, protect or keep the skin in good condition. Legislations governing cannabis products in the UK are consistent with the rules in EU countries; users traveling from the UK with CBD beauty products may not encounter many legal obstacles.
CBD beauty products are not subject to Novel Food regulations enacted by the Food Standards Agency (FSA). The regulations are restricted to edibles like drinks and gummies. The following summary highlights the UK regulations on cosmetic products:
Any CBD cosmetic product must have a Cosmetic Product Safety Report (CPSR) demonstrating that its formula is safe and accredited.
Products must indicate clear information in the packaging.
Must conform to good manufacturing practices and contain batch-specific information.
The product must be registered with the relevant authorities and appropriate databases in the UK or EU.
CBD users travelling across the borders should read the corresponding regulation of Cannabidiol beauty products in their destination. THC remains a controlled substance in many countries. For instance, some countries outside EU permit the sale of isolate CBD products; they prohibit full-spectrum products due to the negative effects of THC. In jurisdiction like the US, THC levels should not exceed 0.3%.
Frequently Asked Questions about CBD Beauty Products
Where Does CBD Come From?
Cannabidiol (CBD) comes from two strains of cannabis, hemp, and marijuana. Many countries classify marijuana as a regulated substance due to its psychotropic effects. Hemp-derived CBD is allowed for human consumption. Cannabidiol infused in beauty products come from industrial hemp, with three spectrums of different concentrations; skincare products use the broad-spectrum Cannabidiol to benefit a wide range of users without risking them to THC allergy.
Can CBD Creams Make Me High?
Cannabidiol-infused beauty products cannot result in psychotropic effects. Topical products rely on peripheral receptors domiciled in the skin. The receptors interact with the cannabis compounds in topical products without reaching the bloodstream. Therefore, Cannabis-infused beauty products are non-psychoactive, even with high levels of THC.
Is CBD legal in the UK?
CBD sale, cultivation, and consumption are legal in the UK. However, cultivars of hemp, a cannabis strain with higher levels of Cannabidiol and low levels of THC, must use organic farming methods consistent with UK regulations. Manufacturers must obtain CBD from a particular strain of cannabis with 0.2% THC. Other than THC, CBD flowers are banned in the UK.
Is CBD Oil and Cannabis Oil The Same?
Cannabidiol oil and Cannabis oil have different chemical compositions. On the one hand, CBD oil is non-psychoactive and contains legal amounts of THC. In contrast, cannabis oil contains THC as its active ingredient. Its sale, manufacture, and consumption are prohibited in many countries, including the UK.
Is CBD Beauty Products Safe With Pregnancy?
Cannabidiol topical products are safe for a wide range of users. Unlike edibles, they are not ingested, gut-processed, or absorbed into the bloodstream. Therefore, they remain safer for pregnant users. However, there is limited research on the effects of CBD among pregnant consumers. Regulatory bodies like the WHO discourage pregnant users from a wide range of cannabis products. However, the pathway for CBD does not engage the bloodstream; it may not negatively affect the baby. Users should seek medical advice before using CBD beauty products while pregnant or breastfeeding.
Does CBD cream work for pain?
CBD creams, lotions, and salves work for a wide range of localized skin conditions, including, but not limited to, pain and inflammation. Cannabidiol infused in beauty products dispenses anti-inflammatory properties essential for pain-related swelling.
Cannabidiol beauty products offer a wide range of health and therapeutic benefits. The non-psychoactive hemp derivative is infused in topical products ranging from balms, saves, creams, bath bombs, and anti-aging serums. They treat skin-related conditions like acne, eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis. Most Cannabidiol beauty products contain a broad spectrum, making them safe for many users. However, topical creams may cause irritation, allergies, and itching; these negative effects are attributed to low-quality products. Users under medication, pregnant or allergic to THC should seek medical advice before using the beauty products. Many health and therapeutic benefits of Cannabidiol come from reports of unregulated consumption or animal studies; users should get high-quality products with positive customer reviews to avoid adverse effects.
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