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  • by Nicola Boulton September 07, 2022 5 min read

    The Benefits of Terpenes

    Terpenes are potent organic chemicals found in a wide variety of plants. They have various benefits as explained in this article.

    Terpenes have been used medicinally for hundreds of years. Clinical investigations are now revealing their untapped health potential. While more study is needed to properly understand the medicinal advantages of cannabis terpenes, what we know so far points to a hopeful future for this compound. If you've ever scented the aromas of sage or lavender, you've experienced terpenes in action. There are a vast variety of aromatic molecules that give plants, flowers, and tree a variety of scents—ranging from flowery and earthy to lemony. Certain terpenes have shown positive effects on both the mind and the body bathing, using essential oils with high concentrations of the compounds, and smoking cannabis.

    The Benefits of Terpenes

    Terpenes

    Terpenes are responsible for giving plants their distinct taste and scent. Flowers and other plants have aromatic substances that give a distinct odor and flavor. Coniferous and citrus cultivars are more likely to have these properties. According to Manyi-loh et al. (2019), many of the varied aromas we associate with various foods and plants may be attributed to the chemical substances secreted by terpenes. In general, they serve to enhance the health of the plant. Some of these biological traits are thought to benefit human health, such as attracting pollinators or protecting the plant from infections and predators. Aromatherapy relies on using essential oils, which are also made up of terpenes. There is a long history of terpenes that goes back thousands of years. Terpenes have long been the subject of scientific investigation to understand their characteristics better and devise new uses for their distinctive scents. Terpenes serve as natural cleansers in food and beverage flavorings, medications, and disinfectants. In recent years, terpenes have gained much attention in the cannabis market due to their wide range of tastes and claimed entourage effects. Terpenes are a fascinating topic, regardless of their intended use, and you may already be enjoying it without even realizing it.

    What Is the Purpose of Terpenes?

    Terpenes may attract pollinators to a plant or deter predators like insects or foraging animals in certain cases. Some terpenes aid the plant's recovery from injury, while others work as a component of the plant's immune system to ward against potentially hazardous pathogens.

    Health Benefits of Terpenes

    According to Fine et al. (2013), terpenes work in concert with the body's cannabinoid receptors, the immunological system, the neurological system, and the gastrointestinal tract. Additionally, terpenes help other cannabinoids produce the desired effects. Because of the entourage effect, cannabis research has shifted its focus to studying aromatic chemicals. In the meantime, most studies on terpenes have come from animal and laboratory research. Terpene's impact on health still needs investigation. There are several possible uses for terpenes:

    According to Kaur et al. (2009), their antiplasmodial action has sparked interest in the drug's potential as an antimalaria treatment. Monoterpenes have been explored for their antiviral properties. Some terpenes have also shown promise in the treatment of cancer and diabetes. Terpenes may be delivered in several ways and minimize the negative effects of drugs. In addition, they may provide a better experience for cannabis consumers without causing many negative side effects. For example, terpenes in the cannabis plant are hypothesized to enhance the blood-brain barrier's permeability and alter how THC binds to cannabinoid receptors. Short-term memory loss is linked to THC usage, and certain terpenes may help counteract that. Most research on terpenes have used animal models and isolated molecules. The intricate network of interactions between terpenes and cannabinoids still needs more investigation. However, there is anecdotal evidence from aromatherapy patients that terpenes offer several therapeutic advantages.

    Types of Terpenes

    Myrcene

    Monoterpene myrcene, also known as beta-myrcene, may be found in various plants and fruits, including cannabis, parsley, and lemongrass. Peppery, balsamic, and spicy describe the smell of the common chemical myrcene. Estimates show that myrcene is responsible for up to 20% of the terpene profile of several cannabis strains. Their high concentration in terpenes substantially alters the aroma of marijuana. In traditional medicine, myrcene has long been used as a narcotic. Even though its specific action method is unclear, scientists think myrcene may reduce pain and inflammation (Kaur et al., 2009). Learn more about why are terpenes added to cbd products

    Linalool

    Lavender and birch bark contain linalool, which gives off a flowery scent. The inhalation of linalool vapors reduces anxiety and despair. Linalool also strengthens the immune system, making it more resistant to stress. In addition, linalool is also thought to help with sleep. The terpenes derivative was discovered to have mild sedative qualities in one research, which helped individuals wake up feeling more energized the next day. The inflammation-relieving properties of the essential oil linalool may benefit those with hyperactive immune systems. Linalool may potentially lessen pain sensitivity by preventing the transmission of pain signals in the spinal cord. Learn more about where to buy terpenes

    Limonene

    Popular marijuana strain Limonene has a fruity and citric fragrance. In certain investigations, it has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory effects. The anti-inflammatory effects of Limonene on leukemia cells were attributed to its ability to eliminate free radicals. Further, it has a broad range of anticancer properties. According to Kaur & Kapoor (2001), people who ate citrus peel had a lower risk of skin cancer than those who ate solely citrus fruit and its liquids. When taken orally, Limonene can potentially slow the progression of cancer. Limonene may prevent inflammation and oxidative stress. In animal studies, and improve heart health. Lowering cholesterol, blood sugar, and triglyceride levels using Limonene may help prevent cardiovascular disease. It has also been proven to lower hunger, alleviate tension, and aid digestion.

    Conclusion

    Terpenes present in many plants contain multiple medicinal and therapeutic benefits. A lavender essential oil diffuser is a great way to help you relax, catch some sleep, and increase your alertness levels by diffusing citrus essential oil. Peppermint, for example, has powerful terpenes that may aid with bodily issues like ease muscular tightness for a short period. There isn't much data to support the use of terpenes for health other than these fundamental (and mostly anecdotal) associations; more studies are needed before ascertaining their health benefits. Keep using your essential oil diffuser to appreciate the terpenes it contains.

    References

    Fine, P. G., & Rosenfeld, M. J. (2013). The endocannabinoid system, cannabinoids, and             pain. Rambam Maimonides medical journal, 4(4).

    Kaur, C., & Kapoor, H. C. (2001). Antioxidants in fruits and vegetables–the millennium’s             health. International journal of food science & technology, 36(7), 703-725.

    Kaur, K., Jain, M., Kaur, T., & Jain, R. (2009). Antimalarials from nature. Bioorganic &     medicinal chemistry, 17(9), 3229-3256.

    Manyi-Loh, C. E., Ndip, R. N., & Clarke, A. M. (2011). Volatile compounds in honey: a review   on their involvement in aroma, botanical origin determination and potential biomedical             activities. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 12(12), 9514-9532.

    Nicola Boulton
    Nicola Boulton


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