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  • by Nicola Boulton August 27, 2022 4 min read


    CBD is legal in most parts of Europe, but marijuana laws are becoming more restrictive. Continue reading to know more about Europe's legal regulations on CBD.

    Does your country allow you to use CBD products? You probably reside wherethe government appreciates CBD benefits and has no restrictions oncannabis products. The CBD market is becoming bigger, and current predictions suggest CBD users are yet to see greater things. U.S. is not the only place that has legalized CBD. This natural plant is recognized throughout the world, including in Europe. By 2023, the European CBD industry is expected reach 1.4 billion Euros. The uncertainties surrounding CBD legality in Europe continue to dominate the most asked questions on CBD.


    CBD Acknowledgment in Europe

    Most E.U laws allow hemp products as long as the THC content is below 0.3%. Currently 28 out of the 44 countries in E.U have legalized CBD products. Notably, EU countries speak different languages, making it impossible to set standard laws and regulations. The absence of common CBD legislation has affected the commercialization of CBD products in some European countries. CBD oil containing THC is banned in Norway, France, Sweden, and the U.K. Even though many European countries have allowed CBD entrepreneurship, the following countries prohibit CBD products:  

    • Albania
    • Georgia
    • Slovakia
    • Monaco
    • Montenegro
    • Lithuania
    • Belarus
    • Moldova
    • Armenia
    • Andorra

    Quick Facts about CBD in Europe

    • CBD oil with a THC content of 0.2% or less is legalized in most parts of Europe
    • Although CBD is permitted in Europe, laws are becoming more restrictive
    • U. regulation 2015/2283 categorizes CBD as a novel food
    • Switzerland considers CBD legal if it has a THC level of less than 0.1%
    • France only allows CBD isolates (0% THC)
    • Luxembourg and Austria allow CBD oil with 0.3% THC or less

    What Affects the Legality of CBD products?

    The legal status of CBD products depends on different factors like;

    • The classification of CBD product
    • The type of ingredients and their legal status
    • The place where the CBD product is used

    Classification of CBD products in Europe

    According to Pavlovic et al. (2018), CBD oil is added to different final products. Currently, CBD oil is added in things like;

    • Personal care products; lipstick, creams, lotions, bath bombs, soaps, and cosmetics containing CBD oil are increasingly gaining popularity.
    • E-liquids with CBD oil for vaping
    • Food supplements containing CBD oil
    • Medicines infused with CBD oil in an isolated form
    • Foodstuffs and drinks with CBD oil drops

    The Ingredients Used

    According to Lachenmeier et al. (2019), European Union is strict with ingredients used in CBD products. The source of CBD extracts also affects the legality of CBD oil-infused products. Extracts of specific parts like seeds, leaves, and stems are allowed. European governments also permit high-quality cannabis compounds like phytocannabinoids. CBD sellers are prohibited from using harmful chemicals that may harm European health.

    Where CBD products Are Used

    E.U. and national regulations drive the legal status of CBD oil in Europe. The CBD industry is evolving, and legislations linked to it are also changing to ensure the usage of healthier CBD oil. McGregor et al., (2020) claimed that Europe is more restrictive for medicinal use than other products. However, food supplements containing CBD oil are complex; the European Commission must first approve the products for sale. In some countries, the authorities have allowed CBD oil to be sold freely if the sellers or producers have legal authorization to approve novel foods. So, the legality status of CBD oil in Europe depends on state-specific regulations. 

    Popular CBD products in Europe

    • CBD drinks
    • CBD pet products
    • CBD vape oils
    • CBD extracts
    • CBD pills and capsules for medicinal purposes
    • CBD hair and skin products like soap, serums, creams, and topical salves

    What are the best markets for CBD oil and ingestible products in Europe?

    Europe has become an active CBD market lately. In most areas, E.U. invests in hemp production, leading to a bigger market for CBD products. Carus & Sarmento (2016) explain that Europe began hemp cultivation in the 1990s in the U.K. before spreading to the Netherlands, Germany, and other parts of the continent. France is considered the most significant country for Hemp production in Europe. It accounts for around 50% of total CBD manufacturing in Europe. Lithuania, Romania, and the Netherlands have also grown impressive CBD production. The U.K. and Germany are the largest consumer markets for European CBD oil. On the other hand, Switzerland and Austria rank as the most profitable markets for CBD. Other European countries where CBD entrepreneurs can profit include Bulgaria, Poland, and Luxembourg. 

    The Best CBD Brands Operating in Europe

    Users can purchase CBD products from international companies, and CBD vendors can sell their products internationally through online platforms. If you reside in any European state, the easiest way to buy CBD soil is by ordering online. The best CBD companies in Europe include;

    • Nordic oil
    • Endoca
    • Kiara Naturals


    Some European countries have legalized CBD products with THC levels of 0.3% or less. You can buy various CBD products in Europe online or from local stores. European CBD regulations are changing, and most countries are implementing new laws. Users moving from one European country to the next should understand the legal implication of CBD in each country they visit. In addition, users should ensure they understand the contents and whether they have side effects when used for certain health issues.


    Carus, M., &Sarmento, L. (2016). The European Hemp Industry:       Cultivation,   processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and   flowers. European    Industrial Hemp Association, 5, 1-9.

    Lachenmeier, D. W., Habel, S., Fischer, B., Herbi, F., Zerbe, Y., Bock, V., ... &Sproll, C. (2019). Are adverse effects of cannabidiol (CBD) products   caused by tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)             contamination?. F1000Research, 8.

    McGregor, I. S., Cairns, E. A., Abelev, S., Cohen, R., Henderson, M., Couch,           D., ... &Gauld, N. (2020). Access to cannabidiol without a prescription: A            cross-country comparison and analysis. International Journal of Drug    Policy, 85, 102935.

    Pavlovic, R., Nenna, G., Calvi, L., Panseri, S., Borgonovo, G., Giupponi, L.,             ... & Giorgi, A. (2018). Quality traits of “cannabidiol oils”:         cannabinoids content, terpene fingerprint and oxidation stability of            European commercially available preparations. Molecules, 23(5), 1230.

    Nicola Boulton
    Nicola Boulton

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