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  • by Nicola Boulton August 12, 2022 5 min read


    What is broad-spectrum CBD oil? How is broad-spectrum CBD oil extracted? How effective is broad-spectrum CBD oil to an individual? This article explains what broad-spectrum CBD oil is.

    CBD oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant. In addition, it comes in three extracts, including CBD isolates, broad and full spectrum. Specifically, the broad spectrum contains all cannabis compounds like flavonoids, terpenes, CBD, cannabinol, and fatty acids, except THC. Consumers desire to have concrete knowledge regarding the extract.

    Recently, cannabidiol (CBD) oil consumption has significantly skyrocketed within the CBD market. CBD is among cannabis cannabinoid known compounds with pleasing health benefits. The cannabis plant has two variants, including marijuana and hemp. Marijuana contains high tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) contents, while hemp is a CBD-dense variant. THC is the active molecule responsible for euphoric and psychoactive feelings experienced after taking marijuana. CBD oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant. The broad spectrum contains all cannabis compounds like flavonoids, terpenes, CBD, cannabinol, and fatty acids, except THC.


    What Is Broad-spectrum Cannabidiol Oil?

    Broad-spectrum cannabidiol oil ranges between isolate and full-spectrum CBD oils. Della Rocca & Di Salvo (2020) stated that this compound contains all cannabis compounds such as flavonoids, terpenes, cannabidiol, cannabinol, and fatty acids, except THC. Additionally, it constitutes essential chemical compounds, excluding tetrahydrocannabinol. Therefore, consumers will experience its therapeutic benefits from other cannabis compounds. Broad-spectrum cannabidiol oil is hardly found as opposed to other extracts. Also, manufacturers produce it through normal extraction methods like isolates and full spectrum. THC molecule is eliminated in the final processing stages for broad-spectrum cannabidiol oil. Thus, consumers are safe in countries that prohibit THC product usage. This extract cannot intoxicate consumers, although it has THC traces because the amount is insufficient to cause such effects. Also, some people undergo pre-employment drug screening to examine tetrahydrocannabinol contents. Broad-spectrum cannabidiol oil might not affect drug tests because its THC amount is undetectable during drug screening. However, people should avoid taking high doses before such examinations. Besides, other constituents work synergistically to generate an entourage effect but cannot compare with the full spectrum; the broad spectrum offers numerous benefits except for THC.

    What is CBD?

    Cannabidiol (CBD) is among numerous cannabis plant chemical compounds. According to Russo (2019), hemp and marijuana are the only cannabis variants. Nonetheless, marijuana generates high feelings in consumers, although some associate it with CBD. Such assumptions caused some US States to illegalize marijuana for medicinal and recreational use. Solimini et al. (2017) explained that delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a major marijuana plant component, has psychoactive properties and is thus said to cause causes blurring and high psychological experiences in cannabis users. Cannabidiol containing 0.3 percent or below THC legal threshold is consumable. Consumers explain the claim that cannabidiol drops THC’s potency and efficacy. In this regard, CBD products with a legal THC limit lowers tetrahydrocannabinol-related effects. Utilize recommended cannabidiol medication; suppose users desire CBD tinctures and topicals but are limited by intoxication effects. In addition, CBD shows mild side effects that vary with consumers. People with herbal allergies might experience allergic reactions after using cannabidiol products. Thus, communicate with your medical provider before using CBD products for guidance and prescription.

    How Does Cannabidiol Interact with the Human Endocannabinoid System?

    Phytocannabinoids present in cannabidiol oil has various strategies for interacting with the human endocannabinoid system. Cannabidiol contains minimum binding affinity for endocannabinoid CB2 and CB1 receptors. According to King et al. (2017), CBD prevents CB1 receptors when consumed with low THC doses. Therefore, CBD does not contain intoxicating properties meaning it cannot cause high effects. Additionally, cannabidiol attaches to the TRPV1 receptor, the part involved in alerting the endocannabinoid system. Stimulating such receptors influences various physiological methods depending on what causes stimulation. When individuals consume cannabidiol oil, the cannabidiol indirectly activates CB2 and CB1 receptors by elevating the anandamide concentration. It is because cannabinoids prevent the FAAH enzyme, which is responsible for anandamide metabolism. This characteristic makes cannabidiol anandamide reabsorption inhibitors. As CBD health benefits expand, breeders have spent significant time establishing cannabidiol-dense cannabis variants to meet consumers' requirements. Industrial hemp flowers contain high CBD concentration, the non-intoxicating counterpart of marijuana.

    Possible Side Effects

    Consumers experience certain side effects after taking CBD oil. The particular side effects and severity vary from one person to another, depending on the CBD type consumed. Gottschling et al. (2020) stated that some prevalent side effects include dizziness, diarrhea, appetite fluctuation, mood change, dry mouth, drowsiness, vomiting, and nausea. Cannabidiol oil might also escalate liver enzymes, a liver inflammation marker. Individuals with liver problems should communicate with their medical practitioners before consuming cannabidiol oil. Medical professionals should examine their liver enzymes frequently if they take cannabidiol.

    Can pregnant Women Consume CBD?

    Notably, breastfeeding or pregnant women should avoid taking cannabidiol oil. Although effects are insufficiently comprehended, the products pass via the human placenta. According to Wei et al. (2017), pregnant women should shun marijuana due to possible risks to the developing fetus. Consult medical counsel if your condition requires cannabidiol products to avoid health complications. Some CBD products might have THC traces that interfere with the developing fetus. Therefore, watch these products before trying them.

    Can CBD Interact with Other Drugs?

    Gilmartin et al. (2021) explained that cannabidiol oil interacts with various drugs, including those that treat epilepsy. The mechanism of metabolizing these medications causes such interactions. Cytochrome CYP450 (P450) enzyme is utilized in metabolizing certain drugs. In this regard, cannabidiol oil inhibits the CYP450 enzyme, thus interrupting metabolism processes. Also, it implies that consuming cannabidiol oil with these medications might generate extreme effects. Drugs that possibly interact with cannabidiol include anticonvulsants, antifungal, anti-arrhythmia, antipsychotic, atypical antidepressants, benzodiazepine sedatives, macrolide antibiotics, migraine medicine, and opioid painkillers. Always inform your pharmacist or health provider for guidance. Learn more about does cbd oil expire or go bad?


    Broad-spectrum cannabidiol oil contains all cannabis cannabinoids, including terpenes, flavonoids, cannabidiol, fatty acids, cannabigerol, and cannabinol, except THC. The product is extracted through normal methods such as isolates and full-spectrum, but manufacturers remove THC eventually. Broad-spectrum products cannot cause high feelings because THC, an intoxicating molecule, is removed from the end product. However, it generates more health benefits than isolates due to added cannabis compounds. These massive compounds work synergistically to generate entourage effects. While taking CBD products, consumers moderate amounts since they contain potential side effects. Some include dizziness, dry mouth, appetite fluctuation, mood changes, and vomiting. Furthermore, communicate with pharmacists, especially pregnant women and people under medication. Learn more about how long does cbd oil stay good?


    Della Rocca, & Di Salvo, (2020). Hemp in veterinary medicine: from feed to a drug. Frontiers in Veterinary Science7, 387

    Gilmartin, C. G., Dowd, Z., Parker, A. P., & Harijan, P. (2021). Interaction of cannabidiol with other antiseizure medications: A narrative review. Seizure86, 189-196.

    Gottschling, S., Oyedeji Ayonrinde, A. B., Blockman, M., D’Agnone, O., Schecter, D., Rodríguez, L. D. S., ... & Cyr, C. (2020). Safety considerations in cannabinoid-based medicine. International journal of general medicine13, 1317.

    King, Myers, Soroka‐Monzo, Tuma, Tallarida, Walker, & Ward, (2017). Single and combined effects of Δ9‐tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in a mouse model of chemotherapy‐induced neuropathic pain. British journal of pharmacology174(17), 2832-2841.

    Russo, (2019). The case for the entourage effect and conventional breeding of clinical cannabis: no “strain,” no gain. Frontiers in plant science9, 1969.

    Solimini, R., Busardò, F. P., Rotolo, M. C., Ricci, S., Mastrobattista, L., Mortali, C., ... & Palmi, I. (2017). Hepatotoxicity associated with synthetic cannabinoid use. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci21(1 Suppl), 1-6.

    Wei, Chang, Chao, Chen, Chou, Chou, & Wong, (2017). Management of Crohn's disease in Taiwan: consensus guideline of the Taiwan Society of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Intestinal Research15(3), 285.

    Nicola Boulton
    Nicola Boulton

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