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  • by Nicola Boulton August 30, 2022 5 min read

    What Is CBD Oil, Hemp Oil, THC Oil, Cannabis Oil, and Marijuana Oil?

    What are cannabidiol (CBD), hemp, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabis, and marijuana? Herein is everything you need to know about these cannabinoids, from what they are, their potential benefits, how they are used to the potential side effects.

    The cannabis sativa plant contains numerous active compounds. More than 480 different active compounds are present in the cannabis sativa plant. However, only 66 of the compounds are considered to be cannabinoids. The most common active compounds in the plant are CBD, THC, cannabis, hemp, and marijuana oil. Cannabinoids derived from the cannabis sativa plant affect your system by interacting with the cannabinoid receptors in the cells. Moreover, the general effects of cannabinoids depend on different factors, including the type of cannabinoid taken, the purpose, how frequent it’s taken, dosage, and more. The differences also rely on their proactivity effects and other related factors.

    What Is CBD Oil, Hemp Oil, THC Oil, Cannabis Oil,

    What is CBD Oil

    Cannabidiol or CBD oil is an active chemical compound in cannabis or hemp plants. It is one of the most popular cannabinoids derived from the marijuana plant. Even though this product is extracted from the marijuana plant, it does not have psychoactive effects like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Also, it will not get you high since it has less than 0.03% THC traces. The growing awareness of CBD oil's potential medical benefits makes it one of the essential products in the cannabis sativa plant.

    Moreover, CBD oil comes in various forms, including tinctures, capsules, drinks, vapes, gummies, edibles, patches, and more. Also, there are different CBD oil products, including full-spectrum, isolate, and broad-spectrum CBD oil. These varieties of CBD oil allow one to choose what suits your preferences and tastes.

    How to Use CBD Oil

    CBD is derived from the cannabis sativa plant (marijuana) in two different forms, oil and powder. The extracted CBD can be mixed with gels or creams. Also, they can be taken orally or in the form of capsules. According to Gray et al. (2012), how CBD oil should be applied depends on the purpose it is used for. Individuals should consider seeking help from their doctor before ingesting CBD products, especially when taking them for medication.

    Potential Benefits of CBD Oil

    CBD oil has numerous potential medical benefits that guarantee good health and wellness. Here are some of the potential benefits of CBD oil;

    • Anxiety relief
    • Anti-seizure
    • Neuroprotective
    • Pain relief
    • Anti-acne
    • Cancer treatment
    • Stress relief

    More research is still needed to support the use of CBD oil on the above conditions and symptoms. If one uses CBD oil for any of the conditions mentioned above, consider visiting a doctor first for help. It will help prevent one from any side effects.

    CBD Oil Side Effects

    CBD oil does not have possible extreme risks to the users. However, they can experience the side effects of this product. These include;

    • Depression
    • Hallucinations
    • Low blood pressure
    • Withdrawal symptoms like insomnia and irritability
    • Dizziness

    Hemp Oil

    Hemp or hemp seed oil is extracted from the hemp plant's seeds. It is derived from the hemp seeds through cold-pressing. It also contains healthy nutrients, including proteins, antioxidants, essential fatty acids, and minerals. It makes it an essential product for human consumption.

    Potential Benefits of Hemp Oil

    According to VanDolah et al. (2019), hemp oil is an active chemical compound with potential benefits that can help improve one’s overall health and wellbeing. However, there is still a need for more research to prove these claims. Many studies suggest hemp oil can be used for different conditions and symptoms, including;

    • Pain relief
    • Inflammation reduction
    • Promote heart health
    • Support a healthy pregnancy
    • Lower blood pressure
    • Improve your skin health

    Side Effects of Hemp Oil

    It is suggested that hemp is one of the products with numerous potential benefits. However, it is essential to understand the health risks before using any product. Here are some of the side effects of hemp oil;

    • Diarrhea
    • Throat irritation
    • Hypertension or high blood pressure
    • Slow heart rate or bradycardia
    • Vomiting
    • Nausea

    What is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) Oil

    Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC oil is one of the many active chemical compounds in the cannabis sativa plant. It is known for its intoxicating and psychoactive effects, which are associated with high. THC can be ingested in various ways, but the major form of consumption is smoking cannabis. Some ways to ingest THC include oils, edibles, capsules, tinctures, and more.

    Potential Benefits of THC Oil

    According to Teitelbaum (2019), THC oil is essential for its medical benefits. Like CBD, THC oil will also provide relief from different health conditions. However, unlike CBD, THC oil causes euphoric effects, which is why most cannabinoid enthusiasts prefer CBD oil. Here are some of the various conditions THC oil can help improve;

    • Anxiety
    • Nausea low appetite
    • Insomnia
    • Glaucoma
    • Muscle spasticity
    • Pain

    Side Effects of THC Oil

    Unlike hemp and CBD oil, THC oil causes temporary side effects. These include;

    • Red eyes
    • Slower reaction times
    • Memory loss
    • Anxiety
    • Dry mouth
    • Increased heart rate
    • Coordination problems

    What Is Cannabis Oil

    Cannabis oil is a chemical compound extracted from the cannabis sativa plant or marijuana. The cannabis sativa plant contains more than 100 active ingredients when unprocessed. Also, the balance of the active compounds depends on the plant the cannabis oil is extracted from.

    How is Cannabis Oil Different from Cannabis?

    According to Pardo (2014), cannabis comes in different forms, including oil and solid (resin or dried). However, the commercially-derived medical cannabis oil, THC, and CBD concentration are fully controlled. It makes it easy to calculate your dose.

    Potential Benefits of Cannabis Oil

    Cannabis oil can be used to help with different health conditions. More research is still required to prove their effects on the human system. Also, cannabis oil can only be ingested when other treatments are unsuitable. Taking a prescription from the doctor before using cannabis oil is essential. Here are some of the medical benefits of cannabis oil;

    • Epilepsy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Multiple sclerosis

    Side Effects of Cannabis Oil

    Depending on the cannabis oil type you ingest, there are chances of developing side effects. They include;

    • Decreased appetite
    • Hallucinations
    • Suicidal thoughts
    • Feeling high
    • Dizziness
    • Mood or behavioral change
    • Diarrhea
    • Weakness
    • Fatigue

    What is Marijuana Oil

    Marijuana oil is a chemical compound derived from the cannabis sativa plant. It is one of the many cannabinoids that exist in cannabis. This chemical compound is extracted from the leaves, seeds, and fruits of cannabis sativa.


    The cannabis sativa plant is the main source of cannabinoids, including cannabis, marijuana, THC, hemp, and CBD oil. All these cannabinoids have different properties, reacting differently in a person’s system. Generally, understanding these active chemical compounds is essential as a cannabis enthusiast. Some of the products extracted from the cannabis sativa plant, including CBD and hemp oil, are among the safest when looking for medical solutions. Cannabinoids contain medical benefits and other essential properties that can help improve your overall health and wellness. However, before using any of these products, consider visiting the doctor for guidance. Also, ensure you understand the side effects of each cannabinoid before ingesting it to prevent health risks.


    Gray, K. M., Carpenter, M. J., Baker, N. L., DeSantis, S. M., Keyway, E., Hartwell, K. J., ... & Brady, K. T. (2012). A double-blind, randomized controlled trial of N-acetylcysteine in cannabis-dependent adolescents. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169(8), 805-812.

    Pardo, B. (2014). Cannabis policy reforms in the Americas: a comparative analysis of Colorado, Washington, and Uruguay. International Journal of Drug Policy, 25(4), 727-735.

    Patil, A. S., Mahajan, U. B., Agrawal, Y. O., Patil, K. R., Patil, C. R., Ojha, S., ... & Goyal, S. N. (2020). Plant-derived natural therapeutics targeting cannabinoid receptors in metabolic syndrome and its complications: A review. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 132, 110889.

    Teitelbaum, J. (2019). A hemp oil, CBD, and marijuana primer: powerful pain, insomnia, and anxiety-relieving tools. Altern. Ther. Health Med, 25, 21-23.

    VanDolah, H. J., Bauer, B. A., & Mauck, K. F. (2019, September). Clinicians' guide to cannabidiol and hemp oils. Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 94, No. 9, pp. 1840-1851). Elsevier.

    Nicola Boulton
    Nicola Boulton

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